Who Was Victor Hugo and What Was He Known For?

Visual Art may very well be the dominating art form in our time today but in some several decades past, that status belonged to written works. All over the globe, the written works of talented writers, poets, essayists are revered publications that shaped society at the time, and transverse decades and generations to become classics. One of these classic works is Les Misérables, which was written by Victor Hugo.

Victor Hugo lived for 83 years between 1802 and 1885 during which he developed a reputation as poet, novelist and a member of the Romantic movement. He was as much an artist as he was a member of the French political arena, serving in a couple of elected positions. Here is everything you should know about Victor Hugo, including his writing and political career.

Who was Victor Hugo?

Victor Hugo was born on the 26th of February, 1802 in Besancon, Doubs, France to Joseph Leopold Sigisbert Ugo and Sophie Trebuchet as the third son of the couple. His parents gave birth to him during a time of national instability in France and as a result, he was homeschooled by his mother, while his father, who was a member of Napoleon’s Army traveled for the war.

He grew up with a commitment to Catholicism and French Monarchy but as he grew up, he departed from his mother’s beliefs, which had been passed on to him. As a young adult, Victor Hugo fell in love with Adele Foucher and was married to her from 1822 until her death in 1868. During their time together, they gave birth to five children, with the first child dying at infancy.

Victor Hugo is considered one of the most popular French writers as well as one of the greatest and his works have shaped other works of art, from music to theatre to film. He was also a prominent member of the Romantic literary movement and a staunch opponent of capital punishment. After decades of creating and shaping legacies as a writer and a politician, Victor Hugo, died on the 22nd of May, 1885 in Paris, France after he suffered from pneumonia.

What was He Known For?

Victor Hugo
Victor Hugo (front) in a portrait with other aristocrats

Victor Hugo is known majorly for two things – writing and politics. He wrote his first novel shortly after his marriage. The novel, Han d’Islande was published in 1823 and he published his second novel, Bug-Jargal in 1826.

READ   Who Is Tiffany Trump, What is Her Financial Standing & Does She Have A Boyfriend?

As part of his works as a writer, Victor Hugo was a known poet and he wrote a lot of poetry, which include notables like Les Rayons et les Ombres, Les Voix interieures, Les Orientales and many more.

Several of his written works become influential subjects for other writers such as Charles Dickens, Albert Camus, and a couple more others. He was renowned for the mastery of his lyrics and his social conscience which he deployed in the creation of his most famous work, Les Misérables.

His novels, such as Notre-Dame de Paris were translated into several languages and sold across Europe while his work as a playwright resulted in a number of iconic plays, such as Cromwell, Hernani, and The King Amuses Himself.

Outside of his writing, through which he became a revered and popular figure in France, Victor Hugo sought out the desire to become a part of French politics and contested for a position in the National Assembly.

Before he was elected into the National Assembly in 1848, he served as pair de France under King Louis-Philippe, using his position to speak out against the death penalty and social injustice. He also advocated for freedom of the press.

Although Victor Hugo contested for the National Assembly under the banner of a conservative party, he spent his tenure speaking against misery and poverty and called for free education and universal suffrage.

Following the triumph of Napoleon III and the suspension of the constitution, Victor Hugo was exiled but returned in 1870 after Napoleon lost his power and the Third Republic was proclaimed. He was subsequently elected into the National Assembly and the Senate.

Overall, Victor Hugo served as a member of the Senate/National Assembly thrice during his lifetime and he was regarded as a Statesman who shaped France’s democracy.

See Also: JK Rowling – Biography, Books, Daughter / Children, House, Husband

Quick Facts 

He wasn’t known for his drawing capabilities; he drew over 4000 drawings.

His residences in Guernsey have been preserved as museums by the City of Paris.

Victor Hugo’s portrait is on the 5 Francs currency.

Adeola Seun
Adeola Seun
Seun is a CCNA certified graduate of FUTA. He has been writing on various subjects that include finance, economics, celebrity net worth, lifestyle, biographies and politics for over 7 years, Other than writing, he enjoys movies, video games, and sports


Trevor Noah Just Bought $27.5 Million Bel Air Mansion Mansion: What is His Net Worth and Salary?

When South African comedian Trevor Noah took over as host of The Daily Show in 2015, there were mumblings as to whether he would...

What We Know About Robert Kraft’s Net Worth, Girlfriend and Former Wife

Robert Kraft is an American business tycoon. He is the chairman and CEO of Kraft Group, a diversified private holding company with businesses in...

Understanding Triple H’s Real Name, Net Worth, Wife and Body Measurements

Triple H is an American professional wrestler and the Executive Vice President of Talent, Live Events, and Creative for WWE. He is also the...

Understanding Celine Dion’s Net Worth and Music Exploits, Late Husband and Children

Celine Dion is a famous Canadian singer-songwriter, actress, and businesswoman with a net worth of $800 million, making her one of the richest singers...

Michael Vick’s Net Worth, Career Stats and Family

The name Michael Vick would forever be remembered by football lovers who saw him play 13 seasons in the National Football League, NFL. He was primarily...

What Happened To Barry Seal and Who Were His Wives and Children?

Hollywood is an industry focused on selling fiction to the masses in a way that is believable or at least has a real effect...

The 17 Most Expensive Yu-Gi-Oh! Cards and Their Prices

The Yu-Gi-Oh! Trading Card Game was developed in Japan by the Japanese entertainment and gambling conglomerate, Konami, in the year 1999. Afterward, it was...

Critical Details About Hilary Duff’s Net Worth, Husband and Kids

Hilary Duff is far more than just an actress. Born on the 28th of September 1987 in Houston, Texas, Hilary's career took off around...

The Dynamics Of Anderson Cooper’s Net Worth and Gay Relationships

Anderson Cooper is an American journalist, television personality, and author with a net worth of $200 million. With no formal journalistic education, Cooper became...

Truths About Carmelo Anthony’s Net Worth and Relationships Since Marriage & Separation From La La

Carmelo Anthony is an American professional basketball player who was born on May 29, 1984, in Brooklyn, New York. Carmelo developed a passion for...

The 23 Richest American Idol Contestants And Their Net Worth

The American Idol successfully ran for 15 seasons from its premiere in June 2002 to its finale in April 2016. The singing talent show...

Featured Today

What Is Wrong With Barron Trump, Is He Really Autistic? Where Is He Now?

Autism is prevalent and can affect people of all ethnic, racial and socioeconomic groups. The disorder, which limits a person's ability to relate and...

Captivating Facts About Nicole Lz’s Divorce and Relationship With Adam Lz

There are many ways to become popular in this day and age. A few people have achieved fame by being good at what they...

Understanding Scottie Pippen’s Net Worth and Details About His Wife and Children

Scottie Pippen is an American retired professional basketball player who is best known for his days with NBA's Chicago Bulls where he accomplished tremendous...

Does Patrick Mahomes Have A Wife Or Girlfriend And Who Are His Parents?

All American football enthusiasts around the world will agree that Patrick Mahomes II has the talent and temperament to be the next record-shattering quarterback...

Get To Know Santtu Seppälä (Sarah Rafferty’s Husband) With These 6 Facts

Santtu Seppälä is the husband of the famous stage and TV actress Sarah Rafferty who is also noted for being a former colleague and...

Related Stories